Australian Pulse Bulletin

Faba bean fungicide guide: 2019 season 

Foliar fungicide applications will help in the management of faba bean diseases. There are four main fungal diseases of faba and broad bean that require monitoring, Chocolate spot(Botrytis fabae andB. cinerea), Ascochyta blight(Ascochyta fabae), Cercospora leaf spot(Cercospora zonata) andRust(Uromyces vicia-fabae). 

Decisions need to be made such as when to start the fungicide application program and how often to spray, depending on the varietal resistance, the prevailing weather conditions and the potential yield of the crop.

Fungal disease control is based on the use of integrated disease management to minimise the injury to crops from plant pathogens. Efficient use of foliar fungicides is based upon the protection of plants rather than curing existing infections. The first fungicide application must be applied as early as necessary to minimise the establishment of the disease. Additional applications are required if the weather conditions favour disease development and spread. Be aware of the critical spray application times as part of an overall fungicide program. This includes:

1st critical period – 4–6 weeks after emergence.

2nd critical period – during early flowering just before canopy closure. This is the last opportunity to apply fungicides that will penetrate into the crop canopy and protect potential infection sites from disease establishment and spread. Follow up fungicide applications may be needed if weather conditions are conducive to disease development.

3rd critical period – at the end of flowering and early pod fill. Applications of fungicide at this time should be aimed at protecting developing pods and preventing any further disease spread. The target diseases at this time are ascochyta blight, chocolate spot and rust. An insecticide might also be required during this period.

Disease monitoring should be started after crop emergence (4 – 6 weeks after emergence) as Cercospora leaf spot and Ascochyta blight can develop in crops in the early stages. If disease takes hold it can be very difficult to recover crops, as the fungicides have no curative action. Protective fungicide applications may be needed in longer growing seasons until the end of podding. Fungicides remain effective for approximately 10-14 days. Keep in mind that all new growth after fungicide application is unprotected. 

Timing of fungicide application is critical. These diseases can spread rapidly, so DO NOT DELAY application. An application in advance of a rain front period is desirable for maintaining yield expectations. Delaying application until after a rain front will have much reduced efficacy. Current research shows the value of spraying prior to rain.

The need for repeated fungicide applications depends on the growth stage of the crop, the time since the last fungicide application and the likelihood of further conditions favouring disease development. Unprotected crops can lose over 50% in yield due to diseases such as chocolate spot. The numbers of applications per crop is limited for some products to minimise the development of fungicide resistance and manage residue limits. Check the labels for maximum number of applications permitted. In high disease risk seasons, where multiple fungicide applications are required, alternate products with different active ingredients.

Pulse Australia can apply for Minor Use Permits when required to help growers manage disease in faba bean crops along with all the currently registered products.

Seasonal Conditions in 2019

Seasonal conditions have varied widely across Australian cropping areas. After a very hot and dry summer in many regions and variable autumn break for sowing crops, conditions in many regions have become cold and dry, with frosty mornings. In Southern Qld and Northern NSW drought conditions have prevailed since 2017 in many areas, with prospects for winter crops again below average. South Eastern NSW has had some reasonable rainfall, slightly below average, and crops are progressing slowly. In South West NSW though many crops are suffering moisture stress and are well below average. Victoria and South Australia also have average conditions but at least have had enough rainfall to get crops established reasonably well. Further rain will be needed in spring to finish these crops. In Western Australia the southern and eastern grain belts have again had a dry start but recent rainfall has improved prospects. These conditions have meant that diseases have not been favoured even though many need only limited moisture to infect crops (heavy dew may provide enough moisture). Monitoring needs to be continued through the different growth stages of the crop. With good access for ground sprayers this year, allowing for high water rates and canopy penetration, timely fungicide application will give the crop the best chance of a high yield. 

For more detailed information on disease management: 

  • Cercospora (SARDI)

  • Mouldy pods caused by chocolate spot

  • Early indications of chocolate spot

  • Chocolate spot on faba bean leaves and flowers (J Davidson).

  • Ascochyta blight on faba bean leaves (J Davidson).

Fungicide Minor Use Permits for faba bean 2019

  • PER13752 Tebuconazole / Faba Beans & Broad Beans / Cercospora leaf spot & Rust / Expired 30-Jun-2019 

Many Minor Use Permits have short term expiry dates (e.g. 30/11/2019) 

Fungicides registered for use for faba bean

Faba Bean Foliar Fungicide
Trade Name example
Chocolate Spot
WHP Harvest
Chlorothalonil 720
CC Barrack 720
1.4 to 2.3 L/ha
1.4 to 2.3 L/ha
7 days
Mancozeb 750
Dithane DF
1.0 to 2.2 kg/ha 1.7 to 2.2 kg/ha
1.7 to 2.2 kg/ha
1.7 to 2.2 kg/ha
28 days
Spin Flo
500 mL/ha
28 days
Procymidone 500
Sumislex 500
500 mL/ha
9 days
Champ 500DF
1.2 kg/ha
1.2 kg/ha
1 day
Metiram 700
Polyram DF
1.0 to 2.2 kg/ha
1.0 to 2.2 kg/ha
1.0 to 2.2 kg/ha
1.0 to 2.2 kg/ha
42 days
Prothioconazole + Bixafen
Aviator XPro 600 mL/ha 600 mL/ha
400 to 600 mL/ha

400 to 600 mL/ha
Azoxystrobolin + Tebuconazole
0.75 to 1.0 L/ha
300 mL/ha 0.75 to 1.0 L/ha
300 mL/ha 28 days

NR = Not Registered (not effective for this disease)  

Read the Label

As with any chemical application, care should be taken to observe all the label conditions for each product. Some label advice is different for each state or region, so for best results, it is important that this is followed. Many of our pulse crops are exported for human consumption, so market access is dependent on having the product free of chemical residues. Australian has a reputation for providing clean and safe produce so it is vital that this is maintained by using chemicals according to regulations. All permits have label recommendations for use rate and withholding periods (WHP) that must be observed so grain will comply with Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) allowable for market access.

Key contacts

Pulse Australia Industry Development Managers

Support and funding acknowledgement

Australian Pulse Bulletins are a joint initiative of Pulse Australia and the Pulse Agronomic Research Teams from VicGov, SARDI, NSW DPI, DAF Qld and DAFWA

Pulse Australia acknowledges the financial support from their members.


Information provided in this guide was correct at the time of the date shown below. No responsibility is accepted by Pulse Australia for any commercial outcomes from the use of information contained in this guide.

The information herein has been obtained from sources considered reliable but its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. No liability or responsibility is accepted for any errors or for any negligence, omissions in the contents, default or lack of care for any loss or damage whatsoever that may arise from actions based on any material contained in this publication.

Readers who act on this information do so at their own risk.

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Last updated: 6 August 2019